psychological theory of religion

The study of the psychological aspects of religions, such as Christianity and Buddhism, began at the end of the 19th century; this type of research was known as either the psychology of religion or Buddhist psychology, depending on the area of focus, and used psychology, which was at the time a … Two critical factors stand out. One was the growing enthusiasm, first in Europe and then in America, for extending the scientific attitude and methods into the human realm. Jung, W. James, E. Fromm, G. Allport, A. Maslow, and V. Frankl—who represent classical theories in this field. PSYCHOLOGY OF RELIGION: "Psychology of religion attempts to describe and analyze spiritual experience and motivation through the prism of psychological factors." A complete understanding of religion cannot be rendered by any one of these disciplines. Other influential psychologists such as G. Stanley Hall studied religion and sought to improve psychological theory and research regarding religious practices. But in … This text surveys major theorists in the psychology of religion—S. Download it Psychological Theories Of Religion books also available in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format for read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Achieving familiarity with and fluency in a series of psychoanalytic theories of personality/character, development, relationships, motivation, health, and pathology, as a context in which to practice psychoanalytic interpretations of religious matters. Psychology began as a field in 1879 and it was not long after its beginning that a few early builders of the movement began writing on the psychology of religion. According to the prestigious Cambridge Dictionary ofPhilosophy, religious epistemology is “a branch ofphilosophy that investigates the epistemic status of propositionalattitudes about religious claims” (Audi 2015: 925). Religious development inchildren and adolescents is a research area of increasing interest todevelopmental psychologists, theorists of religious development, religiouseducators, and designers of religious education curricula, especially inChristian settings.Historically,however, religious development received little consideration during the growthof psychology, contributed to a secular, humanistic perspective of humanbehavior.Behaviorism andpsychoanalysis, with their atheistic presuppositions, for… Each of these theorists presents a comprehensive theory of religion which attempts to give an account of the psychological origin and/or value of religion. (Others will be added to this list as time permits.) This chapter is concerned largely with the theories of religion advanced by Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) and Carl Jung (1875–1961) for it was they who established the paradigms that have come to dominate the psychological, and psychoanalytical, understanding of and approach to religion. Some of the assumptions and presuppositions of R. Goldman, D. Elkind, J. Fowler, F. Oser are discussed. Religion is a belief-based activity system which functions in the realms of social and reflective aspects in line with human growth and excellence. At the heart of Freud’s psychoanalysis is his theory of infantile sexuality, which represents individual psychological human development as a progression through a number of stages in which the libidinal drives are directed towards particular pleasure-release loci, from the oral to the anal to the phallic and, after a latency period, in maturity to the genital. Following the early period, American psychology's push toward behaviorism resulted in the neglect of spiritual matters. In the following, we will introduce each of our ten authors and place him within the context of his time period, and then we will engage in a review of his major contribution to the The individual aspect is usually referred to as beliefs of the individual 1Department of Economics, LSE. reductionist theories focus on the social or psychological functions that religion has for a group. PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES OF RELIGIOUS DEVELOPMENT A SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTIST PERSPECTIVE This paper summarizes some stage theories of religious development which are rooted in the Piagetian tradition. They get put out there for the public and then they become refuted or are found lacking. Religion is not uniquely found in one or other way of understanding (theological, sociological or psychological) so James is different from theologians, sociologists and psychologists who claim religion is comprehensively explained from their exclusive vantage point as a discipline (a way of explaining). It is basically a study of the ways religious faith affects behavior and thinking of adherents. Modern Psychology to the Theory and Practice of Religion” in October of 1926 (Beit-Hallahmi 1974:86). Empirical studies of many groups dealing with major life stressors such as natural disaster, illness, loss of loved ones, divorce and serious mental illness show that religion and spirituality are generally helpful to people in coping, especially people with the fewest resources facing the most uncontrollable of problems. Psychological Theories of Religion. The structural-functional approach to religion has its roots in Emile Durkheim’s work on religion. Investigation of religious responses as correlated with various personality types is another area of enquiry; and developmental psychology of religion, largely under the influence of the French psychologist Jean Piaget (1896–1980), has played a prominent part in educational theory in the teaching of religion. His general position on religion is found in The Future of An Illusion (1928) and Moses and Monotheism (1939). This book surveys the major theorists in the psychology of religion—Sigmund Freud, C.G. PSYCHOLOGY AND RELIGION ... theory that the earth is not the centre of everything, but goes round the sun, and that the earth moves, and rotates. His 1917 publication "Jesus, the Christ, in the Light of Psychology" proposed the theory that religious figures embodied higher forms of morality. Historically, theories on the psychology of religion have not always been found favorable. Although intimations of the contemporary psychology of religion can be found in eighteenth-century European theology and philosophy, it was in the United States, late in the nineteenth century, that the field finally took shape as a formal discipline. This text surveys major theorists in the psychology of religion--S. Freud, C.G. Many psychological theorists have had interesting perspectives on religion. This new introductory text sets out in plain language the basic elements of seven major theories of the psychology of religion. He believed the libido was not just sexual energy, but instead generalized psychic energy. This paradigm sheds light on the many purposes religion serves, the rich variety of religious and spiritual beliefs and practices, and the capacity of religion and spirituality to do both good … This text surveys major theorists in the psychology of religion--S. Freud, C.G. Religion is both a psychological and a sociological phenomenon; both a philosophical and a historical phenomenon. He argued that this could explain the known movements of the sun, moon and planets better than theories of spheres and epicycles, but this was felt by For Jung the purpose of psychic energy was to motivate the individual in a number of important ways, including spiritually, intellectually, and creatively. Each of these theorists presents a comprehensive theory of religion which attempts to give an account of the psychological origin and/or value of religion. This two-volume handbook presents the most comprehensive coverage of the current state of the psychology of religion and spirituality. Social scientists recognize that religion exists as an organized and integrated set of beliefs, behaviors, and norms centered on basic social needs and values. Drawing on evolutionary theory; neuroscience; and contemporary personality, social, and developmental psychology, the text examines religion as a vital force in individual and societal life. It was also an individual's motivational source for seeking pleasure and reducing conflict STH TY 811: Object Relations and the Study of Religion. Some have said people seek religion to cope with a fear of death, others call it the basis for morality, and various other theories abound.. Jung (1948) disagreed with Freud regarding the role of sexuality. courses in the psychology of religion, the establishment of new journals, books on clinical and health issues, and the development of psychology of religion research that interfaces the theory and topics of the mainstream discipline. This approach tends to focus more on the subconscious motives why people have beliefs that are irrational, and they are popularly known as scientific approach to religious studies. Each of these theorists presents a more or less comprehensive theory of religion, which attempts to give an account of Each of these theorists presents a more or less comprehensive theory of religion, which attempts to give an account of the psychological origin and/or value of religion. While some people think of religion as something individual because religious beliefs can be highly personal, religion is also a social institution. Jung, W. James, E. Fromm, G. Allport, A. Maslow, and V. Frankl--who represent classical theories in this field. Their theories of religion, like those of Marx and Weber, have often been presented as if they were polar opposites, but … Email: g.levy1@lse.ac.uk; r.razin@lse.ac.uk. Freud, C.G. Here you will find an overview of some of the classic views: William James, Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Gordon Allport, Abraham Maslow, and Alfred Adler.A recent addition to this page is a synopsis of Erik Erikson's work. Psychological theories of the origin of religion take their departure from the work of Sigmund Freud (1856-1939). He thus saw the psychosexual development of every individual as consisting essentiall… It introduces a new integrative paradigm for this rapidly growing and diverse field. These trends be-came visible after the establishment of APA Division 36, Psychology of Religion, in 1976. Virtuallyall the extant and current methodologies in epistemology have beenemployed in assessing religious claims. James Forsyth has produced a compelling survey of seminal psychological theorists, including Freud, Jung, James, Fromm, Allport, Maslow, and Frankl, to explain to students how theories of religion emerge from both theory and life experience. The psychology of religion studies the psychological dynamics … Thus arose the new sciences of psychology and of the "history of religions," the latter promoted b… He argued that psychology could help mankind to actualize those ethical ideals. A fundamental feature of any theory of religion is, or should be, an explanation of the link between the two most observed aspects of religion, the individual aspect and the social aspect. Hall developed the view that religion was socially adaptive. For the past 15 years, I have taught an undergraduate course in the psychology of religion and spirituality. Psychological Theories Of Religion Psychological Theories Of Religion by James Forsyth. 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