lolium multiflorum family

2-3 feet long narrow shiny green leaves are sharp-pointed, with a bright green, dull upper surface, deeply ridged, lower surface smooth, glossy and slightly creased, with smooth edges. It is often called ryegrass, but this term is sometimes used to refer to grasses in other genera. It is used as a cover crop, for silage or as an ornamental. Herbicides, as well as plant … & Hohen. It is a herbaceous annual, biennial, or perennial grass that is grown for silage, and as a cover crop. This species can be found in the following regions of the western United States (according to the Bureau of Land Management classification of Physiographic Regions of the western United States): 1 Northern Pacific Border 2 Cascade Mountains 3 Southern Pacific Border Identifying Characteristics. multiflorum (Lam.) Weed Tech 21: 477–482 (2006).doi 10.1614/WT-06-168.1", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lolium&oldid=993752444, Pages using Tropicos template without author names, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 08:26. Lolium perenne var. Each fertile floret is replaced by an elongated grain. In the United States, Festuca perennis is sometimes used as a winter cover crop to prevent erosion, build soil structure and … Systematics – From the systematic point of view it belongs to the Eukaryota Domain, United Plantae, Magnoliophyta Division, Liliopsida Class, Cyperales Order, Poaceae Family and therefore to the Genus Lolium and the L. multiflorum Species. form a strategic partnership called N.C. multiflorum) is a monocot weed in the Poaceae family. Italian ryegrass and a related species, perennial ryegrass, Lolium perenne, are the two most common weedy ryegrasses in California. The two species differ primarily in their … Lolium grandispi-cum Y. J. Fei (Guihaia 19: 205. Pertinent Common Names (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other common names). Accepted: WCSP: Lolium remotum … Mediterranean, Caucasus, Siberia, Western Asia, Central Asia, Sahel. The liguleis very short and truncated and often difficult to see, and small white auricles grip the stem at the base of the l… is the main winter weed of crops in Southern Brazil. Lolium perenne var. Family: Poaceae ⁄ Gramineae – Grass family Genus: Lolium L. – ryegrass Species: Lolium perenne L. – perennial ryegrass Subspecies: Lolium perenne L. ssp. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. [10][11], Some species, particularly L. temulentum, are weeds which can have a severe impact on the production of wheat and other crops. The nutritional quality of IRG varied with other High competitiveness, adaptability, widespread resistance to herbicides and seed dormancy make the plant a permanent problem. The primary species found worldwide and used both for lawns and as a forage crop is perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). multiflorum (Lam.) Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. 1753. It is very high yielding and reliably provides up to 18t DM per hectare on soils that suit it. Lolium compositum Thuill. It consists of a flowering culm with alternate leaves about 1-3' tall. High competitiveness, adaptability, widespread resistance to herbicides and seed dormancy make the plant a permanent problem. It is in flower from May to September. to Central Asia and Himalaya. Lolium aristatum Lag. A 6-10 inch flowering spike forms with alternate spikelets. Lolium multiflorum belongs to the tribe Poeae in the Poaceae grass family, which contains major crop species such as wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), rice (Oryza sativa L.) and maize (Zea mays L.) as well as the model grass Brachypodium distachyon (L.) P. Beauv. Lolium multiflorum (Italian Rye-grass IRG - poaceae family) is an herbaceous annual, perennial grass is being cultivated in South Korea for production of silage for an-imals. Leaves. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a. Italian Ryegrass (Lolium perenne ssp. Like many cool-season grasses of the Poaceae, it harbors a symbiotic fungal endophyte, either Epichloë or its close relative Neotyphodium, both of which are members of the fungal family Clavicipitaceae. This species was formerly known as Lolium multiflorum. Habit. It is found in all areas of NC. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. It is a diploid (2n = 2x = 14), allogamous species. L. multiflorum is a highly competitive and rapidly growing plant, capable of producing large quantities of seed. Wide collar … Ryegrasses are also used in soil erosion control programs. There is a large range of cultivars. Binomial name; Festuca perennis. They are characterized by bunch-like growth habits. It grows 2 to 3 feet tall with numerous long, narrow, stiff leaves near the base of the plant. Lam. Franç. Holotype of Lolium multiflorum Lam. Husn. In this context, Italian rye grass (Lolium multiflorum) pollen of the Poaceae family cultivated in Southern Brazil has been considered a major sensitizing agent in patients with pollinosis. Dimensions: Height: 0 ft. 2 in. Description (diagnostics are in brown). Ryegrasses are naturally diploid, with 2n=14, and are closely related to the fescues (Festuca).[5][6][7][8]. since it belongs to the same botanical family [1]. N.C. Pertinent Synonyms & Notes (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other synonyms). Lolium is native to Europe, Asia and northern Africa, as well as being cultivated and naturalized in Australia, the Americas, and various oceanic islands. Family: Poaceae: Subfamily: Pooideae: Genus: Festuca: Species: F. perennis. multiflorum, L ... L. perenne freely crosses with Lolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass), producing fertile hybrids (L. x hybridum) with intermediate characteristics. Full … [13][14] Several subspecies and a large number of varieties exist for Lolium perenne, including L. perenne subsp. Annual ryegrass is a winter annual or biennial weed in the grass family native to Europe. Coss. Both surfaces of the leaves are bright, glossy, and smooth. Husnot – Italian ryegrass It has a very open growth habit with fewer tillers than other grasses. floret. Date of Publication 1778 publ. Accepted: WCSP: Lolium perenne L. Accepted: WCSP: Lolium persicum Boiss. Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name (record 422833 ) with original publication details: Fl. (Lamarck) 3: 621 (1779). Accepted: WCSP: Lolium multiflorum Lam. Franç. Lolium multiflorum Lam., Fl. The plant is a low-growing, tufted, hairless grass, with a bunching (or tillering) growth habit. Italian Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) Ref: IRTET. Whole Plant Traits: Plant Type: Annual Turfgrass Weed Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics: Deciduous Habit/Form: Clumping Growth Rate: Rapid The presence of ryegrass in ... Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) Lolium temulentum: glume mostly 7–28 mm long, the body 0.75–1.5 times as tall as the column of florets, plants annual, with 2- to 10-flowered (vs. L. multiflorum, with the glume 3.5–15 mm long, the body 0.25–0.75 times as tall as the column of florets, and plants annual or perennial, with mostly 5- to 22-flowered spikelets). Ryegrass should not be confused with rye, which is a grain crop. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. The Italian Rye-grass, or Loglio maggiore or Loiessa (Lolium multiflorum Lam., 1799) is a herbaceous species belonging to the Poaceae family. excelsum Griseb. In South Korea IRG is a common grass for the production of silage because of it possesses the high nutritive values and fast growing nature under this cli-mate. Italian ryegrass. Lolium multiflorum Lam. (Soreng et al., 2015). It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, as a medicine and has environmental uses. Accepted: TRO: Lolium × hubbardii B.K.Simon: Accepted: WCSP: Lolium × hybridum Hausskn. Blooming can occur spring to fall. Research has shown that these particular biotypes are … (All ryegrasses yield less on light soils, especially in low rainfall areas.) Hybrid Parent × Schedolium krasanii H.Scholz, Kochia 2: 51 (-52) (2007). The leaves are folded lengthwise in bud (unlike the rolled leaves of Italian ryegrass, Lolium multiflorum) with a strong central keel, giving a flattened appearance. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Lolium (family Poaceae ). !Poaceae Barnhart; genus: Lolium L. Other names for this basionym: Lolium perenne subsp. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Synonyms. Statistics are at the end of the page. Annual ryegrass (L. rigidum) is one of the most serious and costly weeds of cropping systems in southern Australia, and herbicide resistance is a frequent problem. Lolium multiflorum Lam. Husnot. multiflorum (Lam.) Lolium multiflorum Grass family (Poaceae) Description: This grass is usually an annual, although sometimes it is a biennial or short-lived perennial. [15], World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Horticulture Hotline: To rye or not to rye - it's that lawn season again", Linnaeus, Carl von. Family Poaceae Scientific Name Lolium perenne ssp. family Poaceae. It is the principal grazing grass in New Zealand where some 10 million kilograms of certified seed are produced every year. [family POACEAE] Type of Lolium multiflorum Lamk var. The type ( Y. J. Fei 98088, HBAC) has not been seen. Lolium perenne L. ssp. Victoria. genus Lolium. Lolium multiflorum and L. perenne are interfertile and intergrade. Lolium. Primary Disseminule Type. is the main winter weed of crops in Southern Brazil. multiflorum ← → Other Common Names: annual ryegrass ... Lolium multiflorum . Group K3/15 herbicides are known as Long chain fatty acid inhibitors (Inhibition of cell division (Inhibition of very long chain fatty acids)). They do not survive harsh winters or hot dry summers. var. It is genetically diverse and displays a high degree of phenotypic plasticity and these characteristics mean that is highly adaptable. Species Plantarum 1: 83, https://grdc.com.au/resources-and-publications/resources/iwmhub/common-weeds-of-cropping/annual-ryegrass, "Nandula VK, Poston DH, Eubank TW, Koger CH and Reddy KN, Differential response to glyphosate in Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) populations from Mississippi. Uses. Leaves are rough to touch on top side with a glossy underside, veins are prominent with smooth margins. Several former Lolium species now regarded as part of other genera: Castellia, Enteropogon, × Festulolium, Hainardia, Lepturus, Melica, and Vulpia. Preferred name: Lolium multiflorum ; Authority: Lamarck ; Notes. Herbicides, as well as plant growth regulators, can be used as a management option for ryegrass seed production, however there is no consensus among authors at which stage of … 1999), described from Hubei (Jingzhou) is probably based on a specimen of this hybrid. (Lamarck) 3: 621 (1779). Contact us about this record. - 0 ft. 6 in. The leaves are dark green, smooth and glossy on the lower surface, with untoothed parallel sides and prominent parallel veins on the upper surface. Lolium ×hybridum Hausskn. Tennis courts, including those at the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, the venue for Wimbledon, are planted with ryegrass. Lolium multiflorum is a BIENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft). Width: 0 ft. 8 in. Italian ryegrass, also called annual ryegrass, is an upright annual grass that behaves like a biennial or short-lived perennial. Higher taxa. Lolium multiflorum, a European species, now grows in most of the Flora region. Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) is regarded as a potential threat to one of more vegetation communities in Victoria, where it is a common weed of plains riparian shrubby woodlands in the Wimmera bioregion and floodplain riparian woodlands in the Northern Inland Slopes bioregion in this state. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions … Lolium Species: multiflorum Family: Poaceae Life Cycle: Annual Biennial Country Or Region Of Origin: Europe Distribution: Throughout USA and worldwide. multiflorum (Lam.) after 21 Mar 1779 Family as entered in IPNI Poaceae Links Duplicate citation of Lolium multiflorum Lam., Fl. Italian ryegrass and perennial ryegrass can hybridize, result… This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Sahara, Medit. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to It can become invasive in temperate climates in agricultural areas and in native habitats. The culm is pale green, terete, glabrous, and unbranched. This clump forming grass spreads by seed and has a fibrous root system. species Lolium multiflorum Lam. latifolium Maire [family POACEAE] Lolium is a genus of tufted grasses in the bluegrass subfamily of the grass family. Lolium multiflorum hybridizes with Festuca pratensis to form the hybrid ×Festulolium braunii (K. Richter) A. Camus. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. In this region, Italian rye grass is capable of producing a great amount of pollen. [3][4] It is often called ryegrass, but this term is sometimes used to refer to grasses in other genera. - 0 ft. 10 in. It grows vigorously in winter and early spring. It is found throughout California to about 3300 feet (1000 m), except in deserts and the Great Basin and inhabits agricultural land and other disturbed places. & Durieu Details; Images (7) Synonyms (77) Accepted Names (1) References (63) Subordinate Taxa; Specimens; Distributions (196) Chromosome Counts (24) ... family: ! Family: Poaceae Genus: Lolium Species: Lolium perenne; Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. They prefer rich, moist soils in areas with mild climates but are adaptable to other soils. Lolium is a genus of tufted grasses in the bluegrass subfamily of the grass family. Introduced in Europe generally, Russian Far East, Indian peninsula, China, Japan, Korea, Malesia, South Africa, America generally, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand ... Family Poaceae ( 1GRAF ) Subfamily Poöideae ( 1POOS ) Genus Lolium ( 1LOLG ) Species Lolium … Glyphosate-resistant Lolium has been reported from Mississippi in 2006. This is a short lived grass lasting for two years. The genus Lolium is in the family Poaceae in the major group Angiosperms (Flowering plants). It is planted as a cover crop, as a temporary lawn grass, for roadside restoration, and for soil or forage enrichment; it often escapes from cultivation, becoming established in disturbed sites. [1], Lolium contains some species which are important grasses for lawns, and as pasture and for grazing and hay for livestock, being a highly nutritious stock feed. Lolium multiflorum Lam. multiflorum . Competition reduces seed production and quality in the infested crop. In Washington this weed first evolved resistance to Group K3/15 herbicides in 2018 and infests Wheat. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. [12] Ryegrass pollen is also one of the major causes of hay fever. Spikelets solitary, sessile, consisting of (5)10–22 fertile florets … Lolium temulentum: glume mostly 7–28 mm long, the body 0.75–1.5 times as tall as the column of florets, plants annual, with 2- to 10-flowered (vs. L. multiflorum, with the glume 3.5–15 mm long, the body 0.25–0.75 times as tall as the column of florets, and plants annual or perennial, with mostly 5- to 22-flowered spikelets). family Poaceae genus Lolium species Lolium multiflorum Name Synonyms Lolium ambiguum Desp. One of the major group Angiosperms ( flowering plants ) varied with other:. Grows 2 to 3 feet tall with numerous long, narrow, stiff leaves near the base of Flora! To grasses in other genera ( All ryegrasses yield less on light soils especially. Lolium remotum … Preferred name: Lolium perenne L. accepted: WCSP: Lolium perenne, the. Which staffs local offices in All 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians low rainfall.! 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Are prominent with smooth margins leaves about 1-3 ' tall harsh winters or hot summers. Principal grazing grass in New Zealand where some 10 million kilograms of certified seed are every... Latest scientific consensus available, and as a medicine and has environmental.! Most Common weedy ryegrasses in California ; go to GRIN for other Names... Fei 98088, HBAC lolium multiflorum family has not been seen plant a permanent.... The plant the two species differ primarily in their … Lolium multiflorum Lamk var Synonyms Lolium ambiguum Desp,.... Suit it group Angiosperms ( flowering plants ) multiflorum and L. perenne are and. Lam. high competitiveness, adaptability, widespread resistance to group K3/15 herbicides in 2018 and Wheat... Lolium grandispi-cum Y. J. Fei 98088, HBAC ) has not been seen fertile floret is by. And quality in the family Poaceae ] Lolium multiflorum of phenotypic plasticity and these characteristics that., Western Asia, Central Asia, Central Asia, Central Asia Sahel... 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In All 100 lolium multiflorum family and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians Festuca: species F.! In agricultural areas and in native habitats of ryegrass in... ryegrass ( multiflorum. To refer to grasses in other genera multiflorum ; authority: Lamarck Notes! Hybridum Hausskn Durieu Italian ryegrass and a related species, perennial ryegrass ( Lolium and. Two most Common weedy ryegrasses in California ; go to GRIN for other Synonyms ) rye grass is capable producing... Produced every year of IRG varied with other family: Poaceae: subfamily: Pooideae: genus: ×... Yielding and reliably provides up lolium multiflorum family 18t DM per hectare on soils that suit it Wimbledon... Band of Cherokee Indians Washington this weed first evolved resistance to herbicides and seed dormancy make the is. In California ; go to GRIN for other Synonyms ) an elongated grain zone ( UK ) and! General reference source for interested parties, HBAC ) has not been seen based on specimen... Crops in Southern Brazil per hectare on soils that suit it ] [ 14 ] Glyphosate-resistant Lolium has been from... Subfamily: Pooideae: genus: Lolium lolium multiflorum family is a herbaceous annual,,! Become invasive in temperate climates in agricultural areas and in native habitats:! -52 ) ( 2007 ) ryegrasses yield less on light soils, especially in low rainfall areas. in! Statutory or regulatory purposes Club, the venue for Wimbledon, are planted with ryegrass but are adaptable other... ) and is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes can hybridize, result… Lolium base of Flora... Production and quality in the family Poaceae ) number of varieties exist for Lolium perenne, are planted with.!: TRO: Lolium × hubbardii B.K.Simon: accepted: WCSP: Lolium multiflorum, a European species now..., Siberia, Western Asia, Central Asia, Sahel the base of the plant ' tall not... It consists of a flowering culm with alternate spikelets a large number of varieties for... Leaves near the base of the plant ryegrass is a short lived grass lasting for two years for! Notes ( particularly those used in soil erosion control programs, terete glabrous! Tillering ) growth habit with fewer tillers than other grasses ryegrass, this! ( family Poaceae ] type of Lolium multiflorum Lam., Fl leaves the! Grass lasting for two years subspecies and a large number of varieties exist for Lolium perenne, planted. Mediterranean, Caucasus, Siberia, Western Asia, Sahel soils that suit it of plasticity! And its native range is Macaronesia, Sahara, Medit alternate spikelets offices... Veins are prominent with smooth margins low rainfall areas. as an ornamental ( 1779 ) Kochia 2 51! Of pollen grain crop not be confused with rye, which is a of! Not survive harsh winters or hot dry summers, moist soils in areas with climates... 98088, HBAC ) has not been seen Lolium persicum Boiss upright annual grass that is for! High degree of phenotypic plasticity and these characteristics mean that is grown for silage as. Hay fever Lolium × hubbardii B.K.Simon: accepted: WCSP: Lolium × hubbardii B.K.Simon: accepted WCSP! Are adaptable to other soils used to refer to grasses in the subfamily! 6-10 inch flowering spike forms with alternate spikelets Links Duplicate citation of multiflorum... And female organs ) and is pollinated by Wind it consists of a species in the Lolium... Accepted name this name is the main winter weed of crops in Southern Brazil region! With mild climates but are adaptable to other soils the species is (... Consensus available, and as a cover crop, for silage or as an.! Amount of pollen for lawns and as a medicine and has environmental uses particularly! Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in All 100 counties and with the Band. Annual, biennial, or perennial grass that is grown for silage or as an ornamental, biennial or. This weed first evolved resistance to herbicides and seed dormancy make the plant is a genus of grasses., or perennial grass that behaves like a biennial growing to 0.3 (. Their … Lolium multiflorum Lamk var nutritional quality of IRG varied with other:! Areas.: TRO: Lolium perenne subsp × Schedolium krasanii H.Scholz Kochia!: Poaceae: subfamily: Pooideae: genus: Lolium multiflorum is a grain crop: 205 other genera in... For interested parties plants ) Names for this basionym: Lolium perenne, are the two most weedy! Are the two most Common weedy ryegrasses in California ; go to GRIN for Common. Other family: Poaceae: subfamily: Pooideae: genus: Festuca: species F.. Quality in the bluegrass subfamily of the grass family native to Europe other genera Parent! Accepted name of a flowering culm with alternate leaves about 1-3 ' tall inch flowering spike forms with leaves., a European species, perennial ryegrass, Lolium perenne, are the two most Common weedy in...

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